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Jul 14, 2022
In Common Questions
Later idealists, notably GWF Hegel, struggled Country Email List with the relationship between the "subject "(i.e. consciousness) and "objects" (external reality). While some idealists of other philosophical schools made extravagant claims about Country Email List subjectivity, reducing objective reality to figments of the self's imagination, the main concern of the German idealists was to understand what makes objects accessible to consciousness, how we can know our world. German idealism provided Foucault with his basic philosophical vocabulary. The originality Country Email List of it lies in the transposition of the framework of German idealism to historical and cultural problems. In A History of Madness in the Classical Country Email List Age , Foucault showed that mental illness emerged as an object only from the development of a form of subjectivity rooted in empirical science. In The birth of the clinic, examined the type Country Email List of subject necessary for the rise of modern medicine, specifically, one capable of understanding disease as something immanent in mortal bodies. According to Foucault, both the subject and the objects – consciousness and external reality – are determined by history. Although he was Country Email List often thought to be a relativist, he never claimed that the truth varied from one perspective to another. He held that what counts as truth changes Country Email List over time, although at any given moment it may assume a fixed and unassailable character. In his idiosyncratic way, Foucault was the last German idealist. Foucault also subscribed to a different Country Email List historical account in which the advent of what he called "humanism " ( or , in more technical terms, philosophical anthropology) was the decisive turning point in modern history, and it was not without its problems. A superficial reading of Foucault leads many to conclude that, through this story , the Country Email List French thinker denounced the false pretensions of universality raised.
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